Biometrics have become a valuable resource. Their use has improved the quality of life and facilitated the work of many structures. Iris scanning, facial recognition and fingerprint reading are used in many areas of life, including medicine.
It is enough to touch a biometric instrumentor look into it and it will send all the information about the patient, perform identification and recognize unique biometric information. This helps increase the speed of data collection and improves the healthcare system.
As with any relatively new technology, biometrics has many advantages and disadvantages that need to be considered and developed. Where there are nuances in medicine is something we want to consider
The use of biometric applications in healthcare is growing every year.
According to Technavio, the global market for digital technology use in healthcare is expected to grow by $204.37 billion over the period 2020-2024, or an average of 20% per year.
But with the ease of using online identification, mobile apps, chatbots and more, there is a higher risk of fraud. This is helping to increase the demand for the introduction of biometrics, which will improve the quality of data security.
For example, one of the mobile applications for patient access to the hospital uses voice biometrics to passively identify the living person using anti-spoofing and facial scanning, which ensures level 4 security of his personal data. If a patient wants to use biometrics to participate in a personal online meeting, only he can do so. In addition, the technology will track the entire conversation thread, which will provide additional fraud protection.
All information provided by the patient needs to be accurate.
The focus and effectiveness of care.
Secure exchange of patient data between physicians.
Minimization of medical errors.
Safe prescribing practices.
All benefits depend on the possibilities and quality of the technology's application in different hospitals.
Qualities affecting the use of biometrics
Before biometric data can be widely used in medicine, the security of providing confidential data, the ease of accessing them, and the quality of eliminating discrimination issues need to be assessed. What is currently.
1. Security is now regulated by HIPAA, with the additional use of 42 CFR Part II to protect it through regulation. At the same time, cybercrime is on the rise and extremely difficult to track. Security systems need to be improved every day to minimize the incidence of patient data breaches.
2. Due to socioeconomic inequalities, some patients face manifestations of racism, religious discrimination and other organizational issues. For example, facial recognition technology is not as effective in identifying people of color, which makes it impossible to prevent medical errors in a timely manner. There is a need to keep these situations to a minimum.
3. There is a requirement to provide equal access to new technologies and devices for all patients. In addition, biometric technology itself requires constant improvement, updating and maintenance, which involves considerable costs. Today, this makes it impossible to introduce such methods into small clinics and private offices. The lack of stable Internet connections in villages and large, densely populated cities can also lead to problems with data processing.
In contrast to healthcare, other fields have successfully organized the use of the method correctly. It should be noted that biometric models in medicine are very different and it is currently difficult to improve them.
Help for small patients
In 2016, Elia Aronoff-Spencer became one of the developers of a portable biometric device that is capable of capturing fingerprints even from newborns. Because young children have very soft and tiny fingers, using conventional identifiers does not work. The new sensor is seven times more sensitive and can read data without touching the child's finger.
The technology will allow better identification of young patients of different ages, screening for family reunification and allergy diagnosis.
Based on studies in Africa and Mexico, the effectiveness of the device can be demonstrated. Today there are plans to introduce it into commercial healthcare facilities.
How else can biometrics help medicine?
Fingerprint scanners were first introduced at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center in 2016. This has helped reduce the amount of fraudulent activity and shorten patient registration times.
The possibilities for using biometrics in healthcare are myriad. As of today, there are more and more people
By using biometrics for one-time registration of a patient at one healthcare facility, he will be able to register more easily and quickly at another healthcare facility, for example using a voice template.
can also fill out various forms online using technical authentication.
managed to minimize the transfer of drugs thanks to reliable protection.
In the future, we will establish a more accurate relationship between patients and their medical records. In emergency situations, when a person is unconscious and unaccompanied by a loved one, biometric facial recognition will help to identify that person.
But the use of biometrics in healthcare systems is a slow but steady improvement.. The speed at which this occurs is influenced by the spread of the technology to the public and to healthcare organizations. Despite its value and demand, it is still difficult to use widely today. All that remains is to wait until all imperfections have been eliminated.