Application fields of access control systems are becoming more and more extensive
Author: huifan Time: 2020-02-24
With the development of proximity card technology and biometric technology in recent years, the access control system has developed by leaps and bounds, and product forms and application models have shown a diversified development trend. From proximity card access control systems, biometric access control systems to popular mobile access control systems today, they each have their own specialties in terms of security, convenience, and manageability, and the application fields of access control systems are becoming more and more extensive.
The evolution of the way of access control
Compared to video surveillance, the access control system has not undergone much change in product form and technology. The access control system has developed from the beginning to the present. Although the products and technologies are iteratively updated, users have always used only about 30% of the functions carried by the access control system. The development of an access control product contains many concerns of the developer. The design and development demands everything, but in addition to the basic functions, there are actually very few functions that are actually applied. So until now, we have rarely seen substantial innovations in access control products and systems. The so-called change of the access control system is not in its own function, but more in the evolution of the way of access control and people.
The change of this connection method is roughly divided into these stages:
mechanical lock. The most traditional and most widely used is a single door lock system. The user can complete the opening and closing of the door lock only by the corresponding key. It is more suitable for scenarios that do not need to do a large number of personnel access statistics management, and only play a role of security precautions, such as families, ordinary communities, small institutions, and so on. It has the characteristics of low cost, convenient installation and use, but the safety needs to be improved.
Electronic locks. The password or input is used to control the circuit or chip to control the closing of the mechanical switch and complete the tasks of unlocking and locking. Its performance and security greatly exceed that of the mechanical lock, and there is no need to carry a key or card. , High cost defects.
Read card access control. The access authority is identified through card reading or card reading plus password. Access control cards are also divided into contact access control cards and induction access control cards. The application of the card access control system goes beyond simple doorway and key management, and gradually develops into a complete access management system, which plays a greater role in administrative management tasks such as work environment security and personnel attendance management.
Biometric access control. Identify the entry and exit by examining the biometrics of the person. There are fingerprint type, vein type, iris type, face recognition type. The uniqueness of biological characteristics guarantees its security, and fingerprints, irises, etc., as natural body passwords, also make the identification process easier and more efficient. However, due to the differences in individual biological characteristics, the accuracy of recognition will also be affected to some extent.
Smart access control. The rise of mobile Internet and smart homes has given more applications to the access control system. Mobile phone door opening has become an emerging identification method, and provides a feasible solution for applications such as remote door opening and guest booking. Intelligent access control is an extension and breakthrough of traditional access control, and it is also the main direction of the next phase of access control system reform. The extended applications around intelligent access control stations, such as centralized management of community residents, visitor management, and property value-added services, have taken shape and gradually spread. They have become a new idea for the future development of access control systems under the impact of the Internet!
From the development of mechanical locks to the current intelligent access control systems, each form of access control system has its incomparable advantages and disadvantages. With the difference in actual application requirements of user groups, these types of access control systems also have their own applications. Market segment. In order to obtain the safety and convenience experience, the hybrid access control system has also become a relatively common supporting measure. For example, the current biometric time and attendance access control all-in-one for enterprise attendance, employee management, ladder control and other comprehensive requirements can simultaneously provide multiple identity authentication methods such as biometrics, card reading and electronic passwords.
Security and convenience are the two cores of the access control system
Under the impact of Internet thinking, Internet + access control has become another high-frequency vocabulary in the field of access control, and its main manifestations are mobile phone door opening and cardless door opening. The smart home packaged the mobile phone app as a "one machine in hand, everything is worry-free" function, but this phenomenon is often a false demand, practicality is not very persuasive, and it will also produce some secondary Problems, such as the simplification of security functions, have gradually brought out the contradictory attributes of Internet access control itself.
On the one hand, the openness of smart access control exposes all devices to the network, and the probability of the access control system being breached is greatly increased. Professional access control focuses on the concentration of control authority. Once this point of "centralization" is breached, other things will become useless. Just like in the previous LAN stage, it is more difficult for outsiders to break into the internal network, but the openness of the Internet platform will magnify this possibility, so network security becomes a big problem;
On the other hand, opening the door of a mobile phone does bring convenience and flexibility in use, but at the same time it also means that the smart access control discards the legacy of traditional access control. The essence of a traditional access control heritage lies in its movement, and the internal structure is the most valuable thing in access control. With the current popular smart access control, the circuit system has become very complicated, but the mechanical structure of the lock has been simplified.
The access control market at this stage, whether in the field of civil or professional applications, is facing a shock from networkization, and has reached a stage where it is necessary to reorganize its thinking, including the rational division of structure, information and control levels. How to find that balance between security and convenience is the next question in the field of access control.
Access control has become just needed, and applications will be diversified
It is reported that South Korea has been actively promoting the application of smart access control since 2013. So far, most of the ordinary door locks in South Korea have been replaced by smart products, and the intelligent transformation launched across the country has also completed access control, identity authentication and other fields. Innovation of management model. At present, the domestic access control market still accounts for a relatively small proportion, because the potential market of the civilian market and the home market has not yet been released. With the launch of the smart home, the access control system as an application at the entrance of the home, its upgrade and transformation will also become the first step of the full launch of the smart home.
In addition to the attributes just needed, there is also a driving factor, which is the user base inherent in access control. The number of users is currently the most intuitive resource for attracting investors. In recent years, companies have applied for listing, and it is a common phenomenon to attract investment by the number of users. From the perspective of this demand, the access control market will also grow into a very tight field in the future.
In order to meet more scenarios and needs, the access control system itself is also perfecting the construction of the self-system. Whether it is an innovative combination of front-end hardware equipment or Internet-based software function definition, the core part of the access control is identity recognition. The method is more advanced, which is also a problem that technical personnel are willing to break through. Therefore, in addition to the current deepening of biometrics and mobile phone related applications, there are even some applications that were previously completely unexpected, which have been diverted to the front-end of the access control. The introduction of innovative technologies and fusion applications have also brought more diversification. Access control interactive experience.
For example, photon access control derived from photon technology has been put into use by government agencies and banking units. At the 15th China International Social and Public Security Expo in 2015, related optical companies have launched products with different security levels, such as photonic cards, fingerprint photonic cards, mobile phone light keys, and targeted security areas, group management, and large-scale parks. Innovative solutions for identity authentication. The intelligent photon technology application field has realized closed-loop scenarios from identification, access control, door locks, barriers, parking, ladder control to consumption, covering all the application scenarios of the traditional card, achieving different gradients at different levels within the same institution. Security authority settings and management.
With the continuous improvement of people's requirements for all aspects of the access control system, the application range of the access control system is becoming more and more extensive. The current application of the access control system is not limited to a single access control. While satisfying the basic security management and authority management, the access control system is extending more diverse applications through linkage with other security and automation systems to achieve Functional value-added and role evolution from mechanized tools to automated management systems!
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